CALCULUS
OF ONE REAL VARIABLE

 

A TUTORIAL

 

 

By Pheng Kim Ving, BA&Sc, MSc
Email: pheng@phengkimving.com
Toronto
- Canada

View

 

If you're using Internet Explorer and if it doesn't display the view properly, such as misplaced or (partly-)missing tables or

graphics, please try Firefox or Chrome. If the problem still doesn't go away, please let me know and I'll email you copies of
the .docx and .pdf versions of the problematic pages.

 

Welcome To CALCULUS OF ONE REAL VARIABLE!!

 

This website posts a tutorial on the introductory calculus of one real variable, free!! It provides a complete treatment of the
introductory calculus of functions of one real variable. It's organized to accompany two one-semester first and second calculus
courses or one two-semester first calculus course.

 

Each chapter is divided into sections. Each section discusses the topics that are the subject of the section and provides
examples each followed by its complete solution. The presentation of each section is fairly comprehensive and detailed, almost
the same as in textbooks, not just a summary of the topics. Each section includes a set of problems with complete solutions.

The examples and problems supply drills on the basic techniques for the topics discussed in the section, and some are
theoretical and/or difficult.

 

If you have thoughts or comments about the site and you like to make them public, please don't hesitate to sign my guestbook.
The link to the guestbook is accessible under the heading “ Guess Who's The Guest!”, below.

 

 

Math Teacher/Tutor

 

If you need a math teacher/tutor and you live in (metro) Toronto then I'll be pleased to be your teacher/tutor. For more
information please click here.

 

 

 

Solutions To Problems

 

Do you need solutions to a set of problems you obtained from class or from a course? If you answer yes then please click here for more information.

 

 

Guess Who's The Guest!

 

You are the guest of this site!! If you like, please take the liberty to view or sign my guestbook. To go to the guestbook
please click here.

 

 

CONTENTS

 

Reference To A Function
Splitting Of The Topic Of The Applications Of The Derivative

Notations And Abbreviations

 

1. Limits And Continuity

 

     1.1 Limits
          1.1.1 Limits
          1.1.2 Properties Of Limits
          1.1.3 The Indeterminate Form Of Type 0/0

Easy Street Women 5452 s s Mule Holly Mule Svart 1859006 - awesome-b12.site

          1.1.4 One-Sided Limits
          1.1.5 Limits At Infinity And Infinite Limits
         
         

     1.2 Continuity
          1.2.1 Continuity
          1.2.2 Extrema
          1.2.3 The Intermediate-Value Theorem

 

2. The Derivative

 

     2.1 Tangent Lines And Their Slopes
Easy Street Women 5452 s s Mule Holly Mule Svart 1859006      2.2 Rates Of Change
     2.3 The Derivative
     2.4 Differentiability Vs Continuity

3. Rules Of Differentiation

 

     3.1 Differentiation Of Sums, Differences, And Polynomials
     3.2 Differentiation Of Products And Quotients
     3.3 Differentiation Of Compositions Of Functions – The Chain Rule
     3.4 Differentiation Of Inverse Functions

 

4. More On The Derivative


     4.1 Higher-Order Derivatives
     4.2 Implicit Differentiation
     4.3 The Differential

Easy Street Women 5452 s s Mule Holly Mule Svart 1859006

 

5. Applications Of The Derivative – Part 1

 

     5.1 The Mean-Value Theorem
     5.2 Critical Points And Extrema
     5.3 The First-Derivative Test
     5.4 Concavity And Inflection
     5.5 The Second-Derivative Test
     5.6 Sketching Graphs Of Functions
     5.7 Antiderivatives And Indefinite Integrals
     5.8 Motion

6. The Trigonometric Functions And Their Inverses

 

     6.1 The Trigonometric Functions
          6.1.1 The Trigonometric Functions

          6.1.2 Trigonometric Identities
          6.1.3 Limits Of Trigonometric Functions
          6.1.4 Differentiation Of Trigonometric Functions
          6.1.5 Graphs Of Trigonometric Functions
          6.1.6 The Projectile Motion
          6.1.7 The Simple Harmonic Motion

 

     6.2 The Inverse Trigonometric Functions

          6.2.1 The Inverse Trigonometric Functions
          6.2.2 Differentiation Of The Inverse Trigonometric Functions

 

Easy Street Women s Calm Mule Brune Burnish Stilig Pro XP Menn Mules & Clogs Sko, Elegant Fottøy, Mote, Brun Oljert, Størrelse - 42 Sort oljert , Sanita Jamie Wood Clogs Antikkbrun , OLUKAI Nohea Mesh Shoe - Menns Svart Sanita Women s Professional Patent Clog Rødt patent David Tate Women s Gloria Slide platina Dansko Womens XP 2.0 Svart patent , Alegria kvinners Keli profesjonell sko Goth Cutie , FSJ Kvinner Mote Peket Toe Pumps Low Heels Casual Loafers Slip On Summer Shoes Størrelse 4-15 US Red-patent , OLUKAI Nohea Mesh Shoe - Menns Naturlig Snake YDN Women Comfy Kitten Low Heel Mules Slip på Clog Sandals Open Toe Dress Pumps Slide Shoes Natural-5cm , Bella Vita Women s Eden Mule Kamel Burnish , Softwalk Women s Meredith Clog Lilla Cloud 1 Ryka Women s Tranquil Mule Hvit / hvit Sandgrens Swedish Low Heel Wooden Clog støvler for kvinner | Dexter Tan BCBGeneration Kvinner Sabrina Suede Square Toe Mules Gull , Cobb Hill Women s Hattie Envelope Heeled Sandal Khaki Leather Dansko Women s Professional Mule Whirl Patent SoftWalk Women s Alcon Mule Svartgrå Multi / Sort Sbicca Women s Ruthie Clogs Og Mules Shoes taupe , Sanita Clogs Girls Marcelle Mary Jane Svart , Birkenstock Sandal 1008668 Arizona BF Animal Animal Fascination Offwhite , XYD Kvinner Mule Pointy Toe Sandaler Suede Slip On Low Kitten Heel Buckle Slide Shoes rød , Easy Spirit Womens Traveltime 303 Blå , Klogs USA Women s Mission Clog Borg , Klogs USA Kvinner Sedalia Clog marinen Dansko Women s Professional Mule Grå Verktøy Patent Alegria Women s Classic Clog Safari FRYE Women s Ellie Mule taupe ,

     6.3 Transcendency
          6.3.1 Transcendental Functions
          6.3.2 Transcendency Of The Trigonometric Functions

 

7. The Exponential And Logarithmic Functions

     7.1 The Natural Exponential Function
     7.2 The Natural Logarithm Function

     7.3 General Exponential And Logarithmic Functions
     7.4 Logarithmic Differentiation
     7.5 Growth And Decay
     7.6 The Hyperbolic Functions
     7.7 The Inverse Hyperbolic Functions
     7.8 Transcendency Of The Exponential And Logarithmic Functions

 

8. Applications Of The Derivative – Part 2

 

     8.1 Optimization
     8.2 Related Rates
     8.3 Tangent-Line Approximations
     8.4 Approximations Of Errors In Measurement
     8.5 Approximations Of Roots Of Functions – Newton's Method
    
     8.7 More Indeterminate Forms

 

9. The Integral

 

     9.1 Summation Notation And Formulas
     9.2 Areas And Riemann Sums
     9.3 The Definite Integral
     9.4 The Fundamental Theorem Of Calculus

 

10. Techniques Of Integration

    
10.1 Integration By Inspection
    
10.2 The Method Of Substitution
    
10.3 Integration Of Trigonometric Functions
    
10.4 Integration Of Powers Of Trigonometric Functions
    
10.5 The Inverse Trigonometric Substitution
    
10.6 Other Substitutions
    
10.7 The Method Of Partial Fractions
    
10.8 The Method Of Integration By Parts

 

11. More On The Integral


    
11.1 Approximate Numerical Integration
Skechers Sport Women s Empire Mote Sneaker Svart / Multi , Spring Step Artiste Womens Jaguar Oxford Svart , FootThrills Women s Midtown Slip-on Sko Stone Leather TOMS Women s Classic Linen Rope-Sole Komfortabel og lett å bruke Slip-On Fuschia Dip Eastland Women s Buck Taupe Suede Dansko Women s Louise Oxford Stone Burnished Nappa , CLARKS Women s Everlay Bai Mary Jane Flat Dark Tan Leather ARRAY Breeze Women s Slip On Beige , FRYE Women s Gwen Pickstitch Slide Mule konjakk , Naturalizer Women s Samantha Pointed Toe Flat Brocade Ros Hommerson Cady N / S Runde Toe Lerret Svart Strek , Birkenstock Unisex Boston Leather Slip-On Clogs Svart Oljert Lær , Sudini Women s Olga Flat Gunmetal , Badgley Mischka Kvinner Morgen II Mary Jane Flat Sølv Arcopedico 4271 L18 Kvinner Mary Jane Flats Kirsebær rød Arcopedico 6201 Vitoria kvinner Mary Jane Flats Svart / Svart Suede Calzuro Autoclavable Clog uten øvre ventilasjon Lyse blå , Easy Spirit Hartwell Women s Sandal Svart Jessica Simpson Women s Bliths Ankle Bootie Svart Suede Kate Spade New York Women s Sedgewick Rain Boot Svart Glitter , Matisse Women s Caty Boot Svart Breckelle s Women s Alabama-12 Knestrømpebukser Premium Beige Muck Boot Women s Arctic Sport II høy snø Totalt Eclipse / Gran , Tretorn Women s Wings Rain Boot Grønn Ariat Work Women s Contender H2O arbeidsstøvle, matt svart, 10 C US Matt svart , UGG Women s Jayne Svart / Svart Penny Loves Kenny Women s APER Winter Boot Tan , Steve Madden Women s Kirsten Wedge Sandal Rose Leather , Vionic Womens Capitola Tinnfår , Therafit Claire kvinners lærgladiator justerbar sandal - for plantarfasciitt / fotpine Hvit ,
     11.2 Improper Integrals
     11.3 Tests For Convergence Of Improper Integrals

Easy Street Women 5452 s s Mule Holly Mule Svart 1859006 - awesome-b12.site

 

12. Applications Of The Integral

 

     12.1   The Mean-Value Theorem For Integrals
     12.2   Areas Of Plane Regions
     12.3   Finding Volumes By Slicing
     12.4   Finding Volumes By Using Cylindrical Shells
     12.5   Distance And Displacement
     12.6   Arc Length
     12.7   Areas Of Surfaces Of Revolution
     12.8   Work
     12.9   Force Exerted By A Fluid
     12.10 Net Change

13. Plane Curves

 

     13.1 Parametric Curves
          13.1.1 Parametric Curves
          13.1.2 Tangent And Sketching Of Parametric Curves
          13.1.3 Arc Length And Area Of Surface Of Revolution Of Parametric Curves
Easy Street Women 5452 s s Mule Holly Mule Svart 1859006           13.1.4 Vector Study Of Motion In The Plane

     13.2 The Polar Coordinate System
          13.2.1 The Polar Coordinate System
          13.2.2 Sketching Polar Curves
          13.2.3 Area By Polar Curves
          13.2.4 Arc Length And Area Of Surface Of Revolution Of Polar Curves

Mules & Clogs

 

14. Infinite Series

 

     14.1 Infinite Sequences
     14.2 Infinite Series
     14.3 The Comparison Tests
     14.4 The Root And Ratio Tests
     14.5 The Integral Test
     14.6 The Alternating-Series And Absolute-Convergence Tests
     14.7. Approximations Of Sums Of Series

 

15. Representations Of Functions By Power Series

 

     15.1 Power Series
     15.2 Derivatives And Integrals Of Power Series
     15.3 Taylor Series
     15.4 Applications Of Taylor Series
     15.5 Taylor Polynomials And Taylor Theorem
     15.6 The Binomial Series

 

16. Differential Equations

 

     16.1 First-Order Equations
          16.1.1 Introduction To Differential Equations
  16.1.2 Variables-Separable Equations
          16.1.3 First-Order Linear Equations

 

     16.2 Second-Order Linear Homogeneous Equations
          16.2.1 1463389
2810277
2872869
3733073
7742765
9872636
11462890
13356173
15277202
Equations With Constant Coefficients – Characteristic Equation
          16.2.2 Equations With Variable Coefficients – Reduction Of Order

     16.3 Second-Order Linear Non-Homogeneous Equations
          16.3.1 Equations With Constant Coefficients – Undetermined Coefficients
          16.3.2 Equations With Variable Coefficients – Variation Of Parameters

 

     16.4 Approximate Solutions

          16.4.1 Approximate Graphical Solutions – Direction Fields

          16.4.2 Approximate Numerical Solutions - Euler Method

 

 

Last Updated: 14 May 2015.

 

Return To Top Of Page